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Clean Jobs America

Every Day, 3.3 Million Americans Across 3,000 Counties and All 50 States Go to Work Building the U.S. Clean Energy Economy.

Clean energy is a critical job creator in every region, state, metro, and county


Employing 1 in every 50 American workers, more Americans today work in clean energy than as nurses, cashiers, elementary and middle school teachers, and waiters and waitresses.


Clean energy now accounts for more than 3 percent of all new jobs added every year in the U.S., creating more jobs across more occupations in more areas than just about any sector of the economy. Done right, clean energy can create new opportunities for all Americans – in red and blue districts, in cold and warm climates, rural and urban, coastal and heartland.


Over the past two years clean energy jobs have grown by more than 10 percent, faster than the overall energy industry and overall U.S. employment. It’s a trend that’s expected to continue as the sector begins to feel the full impact from historic investments passed in the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). Clean energy and clean vehicle companies announced 210 major projects across 38 states in the year after the IRA was signed into law on August 16, 2022.

Most Clean Energy Jobs | STATES





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Most Clean Energy Jobs | COUNTIES

Los Angeles County (CA)


Harris County (TX)


Orange County (CA)


Cook County (IL)


San Diego County (CA)


Most Clean Energy Jobs | METROS

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*Total clean energy jobs includes employment in energy efficiency, renewable energy, clean fuels, clean vehicles, and storage and grid modernization

DOWNLOAD: Clean Jobs America Data Tables Available Below

 Clean Energy Jobs Breakdown

Clean Energy Jobs by Sectors

  • Energy Efficiency 2215432

  • Renewable Energy 534603

  • Clean Vehicles 373604

  • Grid and Storage 151412

  • Biofuels 40141

3,315,199 TOTAL Clean Energy Jobs0%

Energy Efficiency: 2,215,432 jobs

Renewable Generation: 534,603 jobs

Clean Vehicles: 373,604 jobs

Storage & Gird: 151,412 jobs

Biofuels: 40,141 jobs

Clean Energy Sectors by Job Growth

127,044 Jobs Added0%

Energy Efficiency: +50,517 jobs

Renewable Generation: +19,355 jobs

Clean Vehicles: +47,760 jobs

Storage & Grid: +8,360 jobs

Biofuels: +1,052 jobs

Clean Energy Jobs by Value Chain

  • Construction 1599225 jobs

  • Manufacturing 492057 jobs

  • Professional Services 732587 jobs

  • Wholesale Trade 272821 jobs

  • Utilities 15123 jobs

  • Agriculture 34087 jobs

  • Other Services 169299 jobs

Construction: 48.2%

Manufacturing: 14.8%

Professional Services: 22.1%

Wholesale Trade: 8.2%

Utilities: 0.5%

Agriculture: 1.0%

Other Services: 5.1%

U.S. Job Growth by Percentage Increase 2020-2022

  • Clean Energy Employment

  • Total Energy Employment

  • U.S. Overall Employment


Clean Energy Jobs in Rural Areas


Counties Added Clean Energy Jobs in 2022


Metros Are Home to 1,000+ Clean Energy Jobs


States Have 30,000+ Clean Energy Workers

Credit: NREL/Dennis Schroeder

Go Deeper on Clean Energy Jobs

August 14, 2023

One year after the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) was signed into law on August 16, 2022, private industry has announced at least 210 major new clean energy and clean vehicle projects across 38 states.

October 22, 2020
Clean energy jobs paid 25% more than the national median wage in 2019 and were more likely to include health care and retirement benefits.

September 9, 2021
Lack of diversity in clean energy technologies threatens to cause Women, Hispanic and Latino workers, and Black workers, in particular, to miss out on one of America’s great economic expansions.

October 19, 2022
33 percent of all billion dollar disaster costs since 1980 in the U.S have occurred in the last 5 years, totaling $765 billion in losses and more than 4,500 deaths from 2017 to 2021—were nearly eight times higher than in the 1980s.

Credit: NREL/McKinstry

About this Report

The analysis expands on employment data collected and analyzed by the BW Research Partnership for the 2023 U.S. Energy and Employment Report (USEER) released by the Department of Energy (DOE). The USEER analyzes data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) to track employment across many energy production, transmission, and distribution subsectors. For more information on the methodology click here.

This is the eighth annual Clean Jobs America report produced by E2 based on analysis of the USEER, which was first released by the DOE in 2016. E2 was an original proponent of the DOE producing the USEER, and was a partner on the reports produced by the Energy Futures Initiative (EFI) and National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) after the Trump administration chose not to produce a USEER.


Clean energy job density calculations for congressional districts used the U.S. Census Bureau 2022 County Business Patterns and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) 2022 Q4 QCEW employment data, analyzed and extrapolated by BW Research.


We include are jobs in solar energy, wind energy, combined heat and power, bioenergy, non-woody biomass, low-impact hydro power, geothermal, electric vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles, hydrogen and fuel-cell vehicles, clean energy storage, smart grid, micro grid, grid modernization, advanced biofuels, and energy efficiency including ENERGY STAR® and high efficiency appliances, efficient lighting, HVAC, renewable heating and cooling, and advanced building materials. The clean energy occupations covered in this report span economic sectors including agriculture, utilities, construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, professional services, other services.


We do not include are jobs of workers who may spend some of their time in clean energy but a plurality in another energy sector. For example, workers employed by an excavation business might spend the majority of their time grading and preparing drilling pads for oil or gas rigs, but they also might spend a portion of their time preparing sites for wind turbines or large solar installations. If clean energy does not account for a plurality of their work, those workers would not be counted as being employed in the clean energy economy but would instead be counted as part of another energy sector. We also do not include any jobs in traditional transmission and distribution due to an inability to accurately segment out workers by electricity source, despite many of those jobs being critical to the increased electricity from renewable energy used by the grid. Lastly, we do not include jobs in corn ethanol, woody biomass, large or traditional hydroelectric, and nuclear because of environmental issues associated with those industries. Jobs in retail trade, repair services, water or waste management, and indirect employment or induced employment are also not included.

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